*On 6/24/09, the IRS updated their Voluntary Disclosure FAQ clarifying the FBAR reporting requirements for foreign land and artwork owned in the taxpayer’s own name.
In FAQ #37, the IRS confirmed that the FBAR filing for foreign land and artwork owned in the taxpayer’s own name, is due once the asset becomes income-producing (i.e., yields current income, or gain from the sale).
If the foreign land/artwork is held in an entity, the taxpayer is required to file tax information returns (Trust: Form 3520) (Corporation: Form 5471).
Re: FAQ 20 A taxpayer owns valuable land and artwork located in a foreign jurisdiction. This property produces no income and there were no reporting requirements regarding this property. Must the taxpayer report the land and artwork and pay a 20 percent penalty?
FAQ 20 relates to income producing property for which no income was reported. Under those circumstances, no distinction is made between assets held directly and assets held through an entity in computing the 20 percent offshore penalty. However, if the taxpayer owns non-income producing property in the taxpayer’s own name, there has been no U.S. taxable event and no reporting obligation to disclose. The taxpayer will be required to report any current income from the property or gain from its sale or other disposition at such time in the future as the income is realized. Because there has as yet been no tax noncompliance, the 20 percent offshore penalty would not apply to those assets. If the foreign assets were held in the name of an entity such as a trust or corporation, there would have been an information return filing obligation that may need to be disclosed.
*The IRS updated Offshore Voluntary Disclosure Program Frequently Asked Questions and Answers on 6/26/12